Transgender-identified youth are prone to elevated rates of depression and/or anxiety.

Trans-identified young people are prone to elevated rates of depression and/or anxiety. Expand
Transgender-identified youth are prone to elevated rates of depression and/or anxiety.

A study [1] which compared the medical records of 1333 trans-identified children and adolescents between the ages of 3 and 17 years old with a similar cohort of non-trans-identified children and adolescents showed that 49% of males and 62% of females had depressive disorders.

An Australian study [2], with a smaller sample of gender dysphoric children and adolescents, found depression and anxiety rates of 62.0% and 63.3% respectively.

The majority of parent respondents in Littman’s 2018 study [3] – 69.4% – answered that their child had social anxiety during adolescence; 44.3% said that their child had difficulty interacting with their peers, and 43.1% that their child had a history of being isolated (not associating with their peers outside of school activities).

Similar conclusions have been found [4] for adults with gender dysphoria, who suffer from elevated rates of mood disorders (48.9% among natal males, 36.1% among natal females) and anxiety (38.8% among natal males, 33.3% among natal females). A further paper [5] found somewhat lower figures, giving a prevalence of 42.1% for mood disorders and 26.8% for anxiety disorders.

REFERENCES

[1] Becerra-Culqui, T.A. Liu, Y., Nash, R., Cromwell, L., Flanders, W.D., Getahun, D. Giammattei, S.V., Hunkeler, E.M., Lash, T.L., Millman, A., Quinn, V.P., Robinson, B., Roblin, D., Sandberg, D.E., Silverberg, M.J., Tangpricha, V. & Goodman, M. (2018). ‘Mental health of transgender and gender nonconforming youth compared with their peers. Pediatrics 141(5). [Link]

[2] Kozlowska, K., McClure, G., Chudleigh, C., Maguire, A.M., Gessler, D., Scher, S. & Ambler, G.R. (2021). ‘Australian children and adolescents with gender dysphoria: Clinical presentations and challenges experienced by a multidisciplinary team and gender service’. Human Systems, 1(1), 70–95. [Link]

[3] Littman, L. (2018). Rapid-onset gender dysphoria in adolescents and young adults: A study of parental reports. PLOS ONE, 13 (8). [Link]

[4] Mazaheri Meybodi, A., Hajebi, A., & Ghanbari Jolfaei, A. (2014). Psychiatric Axis I: Comorbidities among Patients with Gender Dysphoria. Psychiatry journal 2014. [Link]

[5] de Freitas, L. D., Léda-Rêgo, G., Bezerra-Filho, S., & Miranda-Scippa, Â. (2020). Psychiatric disorders in individuals diagnosed with gender dysphoria: A systematic review. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 74 (2), 99–104. [Link]